You may have heard of the term “fallen arch”. This is essentially just another name for the condition. The arch is considered to be the area on the bottom of your feet that typically does not touch the floor. When there is no longer a gap there, this is sometimes referred to as a fallen arch. You should be aware that if you are experiencing pain within your arches or have fallen arches that this could develop other problems. Although the arch itself probably is not a serious issue, it can cause other problems over time. Many patients with fallen arches also experience lower back pain and leg cramps.
Flat feet, also known as fallen arches or pes planus, is common in 20-30% of the population. This occurs when the entire sole of your foot presses to the ground. Occasionally, this will be the result of an arch never fully developing though childhood. Possibly the biggest risk to having flat feet is a chance of heel and ankle pain resulting from walking inwardly as the ankles of a flat-footed person naturally move more inwardly when walking than feet with a natural arch. Other risks include weakened muscles in the feet.
Flat foot or fallen arch is a common foot deformity that is medically known as ‘pes planus’ and is characterized by the presence of flat arches of the foot. This means that the entire bottom region of your bare foot is touching the ground. As opposed to contrary belief, it is completely normal to have a flat foot. Cross-training shoes – These are the best shoes for flat feet for they are designed in a manner to support smooth side-to-side movement. The runner shoes on the other hand concentrate on the forward motion which does not compliment the anatomy of a flat foot resulting in soreness and severe aching.
The typical clubfoot is turned inward and down in a classic cavo-adducto-varus presentation. Radiographic analysis will confirm the diagnosis of TEV; one will often see a talar head that is deformed and irregular, a talo-calcaneal angle that is decreased, and a talo-first-metatarsal angle that is increased. In unilateral cases, the clubfoot side is often shorter, and there are deep-seated medial skin creases. If the foot is correctable, conservative measures should begin immediately—as early as neonatally—since the deformity is progressive. Left untreated, joint contractures and accommodations will develop into a rigid clubfoot. Patients with rigid clubfoot should be referred as surgical candidates. Flexible Flatfoot
Ankle problems will be similar to the tendon issues in the foot. The misalignment will cause strain and pinching on the connective tissue of the ankles. This would include muscle, tendons and ligaments. Ankle problems can be secondary to other foot problems. For example, if you have heel strain, you may walk differently and put additional pressure of the ankles. Symptoms of flat feet include swelling and pain in the inner side of the ankle, under the foot, the calf, the knee, the lower leg and the back. Stiffness of one or both feet may be experienced, and the individual may notice uneven wearing out of shoes.
The examination varies according to the age of the child. For the first four to five days after birth, the foot lies in an acutely dorsiflexed position with the top of the foot in contact with the anterolateral surface of the leg. The heel is in dorsiflexion, and the forefoot is markedly abducted. When the foot is plantar-flexed, a concavity appears in the sinus tarsi area with the overlying skin becoming taut with attempted plantar-flexion. In more severe cases, the foot cannot initially be plantar-flexed much beyond neutral. Overall, however, the foot is flexible and both the heel and the forefoot can be passively corrected into varus.